Knee & Lower Leg Injuries, Symptoms & Pain Treatments

Knee & Lower Leg Injuries

Osteoarthritis

Symptoms sore or stiff joints, stiffness, increasingly worse pain in joints.
Treatments physical therapy, surgery if the case is severe, medication.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Symptoms Flares of pain, fatigue and warm, swollen reddish joints. Long periods of joint stiffness.
Treatments medications to reduce inflammation, self-care and stretching. Seek a rheumatologist.

Ligament Sprains

Symptoms pain and inflammation, bruising, limited mobility.
Treatments rest, ice for first 48 hours and then heat. Elevation and physiotherapy.

Repetitive Strain Injuries

Symptoms Cumulative trauma disorder: tendons become flared, neighbouring nerves become pinched, numbness, fatigue, etc.
Treatments adjusting workstation, fixing posture, stretching, rest, and physical therapy.

Tendinitis and Bursitis

Symptoms Extreme pain while mobile
Treatments support equipment like a brace. Ultrasound, massage therapy, stretching, electrical currents.

Runner's Knee

Symptoms Overuse, direct trauma to the knee, misalignment.
Treatments rest, icing the knee, compress and elevate, anti-inflammatory painkillers, get arch support for your shoes.

Joint Damage (Meniscal tears)

Symptoms pain in centre of knee, swelling, torn meniscus can move into the joint.
Treatments observation and physical therapy, muscle strengthening, surgery if it is severe.

Jumper's Knee (Patellar Tendonitis)

Symptoms Affects the attachment of the patellar tendon to the inferior patellar pole. Functional stress overload due to jumping.
Treatments physical therapy such as cryotherapy, joint motion and kinematics assessment, and activity modification.

Illiotibial Band Syndrome

Symptoms Overuse injury of the tissues located on the outer part of thigh and knee.
Treatments anti-inflammatory medication (ibuprofen, Advil, naproxen). Physical therapy and therapeutic ultrasound may also help. Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Symptoms Overuse injury or repetitive-stress injury of the shin area.Various stress reactions of the tibia and surrounding muscles.
Treatments rest, ice your shin, anti-inflammatory painkillers, range-of-motion exercises.

Compartment Syndrome of the shin/lower leg

Symptoms Pain in the tibialis anterior muscle on the lower leg. Weakness in the muscle. Can vary from acute to chronic syndromes.
Treatments anti-inflammatory medication, foot or leg support brace, surgery in some cases.