Knee & Lower Leg Injuries, Symptoms & Pain Treatments

Knee & Lower Leg Injuries

Osteoarthritis

Symptomssore or stiff joints, stiffness, increasingly worse pain in joints.
Treatmentsphysical therapy, surgery if the case is severe, medication.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

SymptomsFlares of pain, fatigue and warm, swollen reddish joints. Long periods of joint stiffness.
Treatmentsmedications to reduce inflammation, self-care and stretching. Seek a rheumatologist.

Ligament Sprains

Symptomspain and inflammation, bruising, limited mobility.
Treatmentsrest, ice for first 48 hours and then heat. Elevation and physiotherapy.

Repetitive Strain Injuries

SymptomsCumulative trauma disorder: tendons become flared, neighbouring nerves become pinched, numbness, fatigue, etc.
Treatmentsadjusting workstation, fixing posture, stretching, rest, and physical therapy.

Tendinitis and Bursitis

SymptomsExtreme pain while mobile
Treatmentssupport equipment like a brace. Ultrasound, massage therapy, stretching, electrical currents.

Runner's Knee

SymptomsOveruse, direct trauma to the knee, misalignment.
Treatmentsrest, icing the knee, compress and elevate, anti-inflammatory painkillers, get arch support for your shoes.

Joint Damage (Meniscal tears)

Symptomspain in centre of knee, swelling, torn meniscus can move into the joint.
Treatmentsobservation and physical therapy, muscle strengthening, surgery if it is severe.

Jumper's Knee (Patellar Tendonitis)

SymptomsAffects the attachment of the patellar tendon to the inferior patellar pole. Functional stress overload due to jumping.
Treatmentsphysical therapy such as cryotherapy, joint motion and kinematics assessment, and activity modification.

Illiotibial Band Syndrome

SymptomsOveruse injury of the tissues located on the outer part of thigh and knee.
Treatmentsanti-inflammatory medication (ibuprofen, Advil, naproxen). Physical therapy and therapeutic ultrasound may also help. Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

Shin Splints (Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome)

SymptomsOveruse injury or repetitive-stress injury of the shin area.Various stress reactions of the tibia and surrounding muscles.
Treatmentsrest, ice your shin, anti-inflammatory painkillers, range-of-motion exercises.

Compartment Syndrome of the shin/lower leg

SymptomsPain in the tibialis anterior muscle on the lower leg. Weakness in the muscle. Can vary from acute to chronic syndromes.
Treatmentsanti-inflammatory medication, foot or leg support brace, surgery in some cases.