Major Causes of Running Injuries

  1. Over-training (usually in distance, occasionally in speed).
  2. Alignment problems : flat or high arched feet, over-pronated feet, mal-aligned knees, leg discrepancies.
  3. Improper footwear: ill fitting, inadequate support, inadequate cushioning.
  4. Weakness in foot, leg, pelvic or trunk stabilizing and propulsive muscles.
  5. Lack of flexibility.
  6. Poor running form: over-striding, poor foot plant, inefficient arm carriage and trunk rotation.
  7. Slippery, uneven or rough running surfaces.
  8. Lack of rest.
  9. Poor nutrition and hydration.
  10. Previous unresolved injuries either from running or other activities.